UUttarakhand, previously Uttaranchal, is a state within the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) as a result of many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found through the entire state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is recognized for its natural charm of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and also the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and also the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, using a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the biggest city in the area, which is actually a railhead. The high court of the state is in Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the area since prehistoric times. Among the initial major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas inside the 2nd century BCE who practised an earlier kind of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the first presence of Buddhism in this region. Throughout the medieval period the area was consolidated under the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the region fell towards the Gurkha Empire of Nepal along with the conclusion in the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 almost all of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British within the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though the erstwhile hill kingdoms of explore uttarakhand devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of numerous neighbouring ethnic groups and also the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened through the movement for statehood in the 1990s.
The natives from the state are usually called either Garhwali or Kumaoni according to their place of origin. In accordance with the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,116,752, which makes it the 19th most populous state in India. A big portion of the population includes Rajputs and Brahmins. More than 88% of the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are the largest minority in the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being another major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects would be the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is easily the most widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is definitely the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Both of these together with Badrinath and Kedarnath constitute the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for your Hindus. Their state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park from the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site located in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is known for the variety and rarity of the flowers and plants.
Each district is governed with a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further separated into sub-divisions, which are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Based on the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are the most populous districts, each one having a population of more than one million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate as this land has, since olden days, been the land of Gods and sages. The land in which the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It really has been home to legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land from the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana and also the Mahabharata. The excellent Dronacharya meditated on the banks in the Tonnes river within the Doon valley while the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is also thought to be lokpal, a spot existing from the times of Ramayana. It is stated that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal continues to be related to lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are numerous stories about lakshman and his awesome attachment using this place. Additionally it is thought that lakshman meditated with this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even Ganga, which was an integral part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness because it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself appears to be in deep meditation in these two sacred cities